Seattle-primarily based Goodship, for example, advised me a couple of year in the past that the corporate was working on a gluten-free take on its beloved cookies. The method just isn’t out there in retail retailers, and it might presumably only be bought on-line.
Their vegan and broad-spectrum CBD gummies claim to help users feel calm and funky, each physically and emotionally. The advantages of their multicoloured edibles include their vegan, non-dairy, gluten-free and 0 THC ingredients. CBD gummies are available all styles and sizes and flavours, including bears, rings, worms and cherries and more. Use of the merchandise is turning into more and more widespread with manufacturers recommending them as a safe and efficient approach to promote calm. Involvement of spinal cannabinoid receptors in the antipruritic effects of WIN 55,212-2, a cannabinoid receptor agonist.
Although the market offers a wide range of selections in CBD, letting us choose alternative routes of intake, the bioavailability of the strategies has seen variations. Scientific knowledge will continue to develop to assist us understand how CBD affects us and how to develop and consume products that may allow us to learn from this substance. Acquiring an schooling might help us get our hands on the best products out there if we select to try CBD. There are several advantages to the edible route of administration, which explains the popularity of gummies and other edibles. With the best data and strategy, it’s doubtless that many individuals can enjoy the benefits of edibles with ease and at a reasonable price. Alternatively, there are many websites the place you can find excessive-quality CBD products, from cooking oil to capsules to gummies and even drinks!
Depending on the state of affairs you’re attempting to deal with, your doctor would possibly suggest a product that’s more THC-dominant or further CBD-dominant. There are a number of elements to consider when attempting to find out what dosage is best for you.
Essentially I’d wish to have the power to interrupt down the amount in the original batch all the way in which right right down to amounts per serving. My father had bladder most cancers , which was cured.He at current struggles with osteoarthritis.My mother has been on chemo for about 6 years for stage 4 breast most cancers. I take an extended itemizing of dietary supplements, and I apply the sixteen hours of Intermittent Fasting each single day. I am at current ending three cycles of four Best Hemp and CBD Anti-Wrinkle Cream day consecutive fasting, and right now I even have taken Fisetin for the primary time. The Tanasi model is dedicated to creating the very best top quality, scientifically validated nutritional supplement merchandise, trusted to advertise a wholesome lifestyle.
I am in my second month utilizing the same protocol as described inside the Mayo Clinic trials with no antagonistic undesirable unwanted effects seen. Some lower in facial wrinkles and a lower in spider veins close to my ankles has taken place. CBD suppositories, like those bought by Endoca CBD, may also enhance the bioavailability of CBD, allowing it to enter the bloodstream by means of membranes throughout the anus or vagina. Understanding the bioavailability of the completely fully different consumption strategies also helps residence in on the correct CBD dose. When CBD is inhaled, just like via a vape pen or vaporizer, it can be absorbed by way of your lungs nearly instantly.
Allueur CBD Infused Skincare and Beauty Products
Topical products typically often aren’t bioavailable given that CBD doesn’t enter the bloodstream in any respect. Instead, topical merchandise are meant for focusing on sure areas for isolated aid and will probably be terribly efficient if administered appropriately. Topical CBD works by interacting with cannabinoid receptors positioned inside the excessive layers of pores and skin. Sublingual present is when a tincture is absorbed into the physique by provide into the bloodstream via the style bud positioned beneath the tongue.
This can also be on account of CBD doesn’t enter the bloodstream when it is utilized to the pores and pores and skin. When consumed sublingually, a substance is absorbed by way of the mucous membrane beneath the tongue. By holding it beneath the tongue, CBD shall be absorbed by your glands by way of which it enters your bloodstream bypassing the digestive system.
Blessed Cbd Premium Cbd Gummies
Several evaluation that aims to seek out out the usefulness of CBD in supporting the indicators of sickle cell anemia is underway. Preliminary estimates of these research current that CBD is also an exquisite selection for bettering the indicators of this instance.
Formulated to assist battle that edgy, nervous feeling you get as you anticipate the start of another work-week, Sunday Scaries’ gummies are their signature product. The company uses home, organically-grown hemp for their CBD extract which is infused into each gummy. Calm by Wellness claims to be “probably the most beneficial and trusted CBD”—it’s proper there on the label. Anyone who has used CBD has probably tried Calm, and there’s a fleet of positive evaluations to point out for it. Calm’s gummies use a broad-spectrum CBD distillate extracted from natural Colorado-grown hemp. Each bottle consists of a mixture of flavors, together with raspberry-lemon, raspberry, and strawberry. They are thought to be superior to full-spectrum as a result of the natural rejuvenating properties of CBD are not crowded by different cannabinoids.
It really comes proper down to the individual, so be affected person with your self as you’re employed out the best dose for you. They also go into some depth with how these numerous factors can have an effect on every particular individual, and the way finest to titrate your dosage. Here we provide you with an in-depth take a look at a few of the various methods of understanding dosage calculation, in addition to how to determine the best dosage for you. However, more often than not these issues are related to an inferior product instead of the CBD itself. But, it’s essential to do some fast calculations if you wish to find out the most effective dosage for you in relation to tinctures. As the name suggests, the phenomenon typically known as reverse tolerance happens when a person wants less substance to really feel its impact as time passes. Ok, you’re now more than likely now considering, “Well how on earth do I determine it out this out?
When a product is used, how a lot of the whole CBD and completely different hashish compounds absorbed by the physique generally known as bioavailability. However, because of broad number of out there CBD merchandise, make sure to take your time and do thorough analysis of the bioavailability payment of every product. This means you presumably can examine your choices and decide which methodology most nearly fits your wants. More importantly, sublingual consumption outcomes to higher CBD bioavailability due to little lack of the substance. The solely breakdown of CBD using this technique could be attributable to the enzymes present in saliva.
Use of CBD Oil to Stop The Problem of Vertigo
Once you determine on a starting dose, you should use the CBD dosage calculator throughout the subsequent half to rework the dose in milligrams to milliliters or drops of CBD oil. It’s really helpful to start out at lower doses, ideally with 2–5 mg of CBD per 10 kilos of physique weight, and monitor the results all through one week. Additionally, there isn’t any concern for CBD overdose for pets because it has been given in very large doses to animals in medical settings with no essential opposed outcomes. In basic, you have to give your canine between 1mg and 5mg for each ten kilos of their weight. Though many individuals have skilled constructive outcomes with CBD, explicit particular person reactions range and it can be highly efficient to look out the correct dosage. Using the dosage chart beneath, begin with the underside actually helpful dose for your body weight, and progressively improve from there until you feel the desired effects. Studies present that people don’t develop a tolerance to CBD the best way they do with totally different hashish merchandise like marijuana.
No matter who you may be or what you need your CBD for, we recommend giving Blessed CBD a try. Blessed CBD’s range of products is extremely pure, using the highest quality CO2 extraction course of.
So if you want a small dose over a protracted timeframe then this would possibly actually be larger. Smoking is well-liked with people who discover themselves attempting out hashish merchandise recreationally. For this reason, many products take advantage of a fatty oil provider that’s blended with the hemp extract.
All CBD edibles should cross through the digestive system, a process that may break down lots of the CBD you have swallowed before it enters your bloodstream. Websites could not supply that data, but a customer support rep should be capable of tell you about their course of. Potencies can range from 5 to 25 mg of CBD per gummy as much as 50 mg, which is a giant difference! You can’t essentially tell from the size of the gummy, so make sure to learn the label or product page for that data. Most researchers solely report delicate to reasonable unwanted side effects, which could embody drowsiness, dry mouth, decreased urge for food, and lightheadedness. Cannabinoids like CBD, which come from vegetation, carefully resemble those our physique creates, so that they work easily within the system.
If you’re experiencing severe flare-ups of tension, it’s best to contact your physician or medical provider. For everyone else, listed below are a couple of of our favourite CBD merchandise to attempt, that may help you manage your temper, quell your anxiousness and hold calm all through this unprecedented time. Their broad-spectrum CBD oils embrace a range of cannabinoids comparable to CBDa, CBG, etc, and are available in strengths from mg to help with numerous purchaser’s wants. This growing recognition of this products that’s rich in cannabin oils with no any cbd oil outcomes as shown on this Pure CBD Oil Reviews. Most persons are however utilizing misleading marketing and deceptive advertising to extend revenue.
Our high choose for Best Cooling Topical is Medterra’s CBD Rapid Cooling Cream, which is derived from non-GMO, U.S.-grown hemp vegetation and accommodates THC-free CBD isolate. Other ingredients embrace soothing agents similar to tea tree oil, pure ginger root oil, menthol, and rosemary leaf extract. Both medical marijuana and hemp have been discovered to scale back pain by reducing irritation. The distinction between CBD oil and capsules is dependent upon how one can be utilizing the time interval CBD oil. The most important contemplate deciding which product is largest for you is the explanation that you just just’re utilizing CBD oil merchandise all via the first place. To expertise the entire differ of outcomes that CBD has to offer, you’ll want gummies which might be made with a “broad-spectrum” formulation.
How To Buy Cbd Cartridges
You may notice that many CBD oils suggest sublingual use considerably than oral consumption on account of its effectiveness. The bioavailability of CBD oil largely is set by the strategy of administration you utilize to handle it—in other phrases, the best way you devour the CBD. It provides a survey of crucial medical cannabis evaluation whereas highlighting rising tendencies throughout the legal cannabis market. The information additionally introduces these new to cannabis to the various strategies to devour marijuana, and quite more.
- CBD tinctures are the preferred, as they are often utilized to dispense as many drops of the oil as you would like underneath the tongue and steadily improve your dosage over time.
- By combining CBD-rich hemp extracts with MCT, your body burns these fats and places them and the cannabinoids they hold to utilize immediately biggest cbd edibles uk.
- You may be shocked to look out that, in actuality, transdermal provide of cannabinoids is solely a principle, a minimal of for now, nevertheless clinical checks are underway.
- The greatest technique of figuring out the correct dosage for you is to start out off with a low dose.
- This, actually, overlaps with one different varieties, very like sickle cell anemia, which results in a premature breakdown of the misshapen blood cells.
Anemia is an everyday medical situation involving loss, premature breakdown, or dysfunctional manufacture of pink blood cells. In this analysis, cannabinoids had been confirmed to cut again neuropathic or nerve-associated inflammation concerned with sickle cell sickness in mice. In states with totally leisure use , you should purchase the vape cartridges at any licensed dispensary, all you want is to be over 21 years old and you are set. In states with medical marijuana legal tips, you’ll want a medical card to purchase cannabis products. A distinctive perform of Biobloom is the chance to pay by means of invoice after receiving the merchandise.
Wading Through the CBD Lingo – Check This Out Before Placing Your First Order
By holding it beneath the tongue, CBD shall be absorbed by your glands by way of which it enters your bloodstream bypassing the digestive system. The bioavailability of a product refers back to the quantity of the vigorous ingredient, on this case, CBD, which reaches your bloodstream once you have consumed it. So, for the ingredient to show spf 55 sunscreen into absolutely energetic inside the physique, it ought to attain the cannabinoid receptors that make up the endocannabinoid system. The method you utilize to administer CBD will impact how a lot of it’s going to get absorbed by the physique. When vaped, cannabinoids like CBD get taken into the bloodstream virtually instantly on account of they enter by way of the respiratory tract. The time period bioavailability sometimes means the amount of CBD that reaches our bloodstream when we use a CBD product. We shall be looking at a couple of of the supply strategies and the easiest way every is suitable for you.
For instance, there are transdermal patches which allow CBD to enter the bloodstream by means of the pores and skin and relieve ache and irritation. The bioavailability of a product refers again to the amount of the energetic ingredient, on this case, CBD, which reaches your bloodstream after you’ve consumed it. So, for the ingredient to become completely energetic inside the physique, it ought to realize the cannabinoid receptors that make up the endocannabinoid system.
The results final 2 to 4 hours, however their onset takes longer — usually 30 to ninety minutes. Moreover, you don’t have to calculate the dosage for edibles as a result of the CBD gummies dosage, for instance, is indicated on the packaging. Vape cartridges or vape carts as they’re often referred are prefilled cartridges with Delta eight vape oil already in them. At least a person by no means has to fret about the unwanted psychoactive effects related to marijuana, as CBD from hemp accommodates lower than 0.2 % THC. The development of commercial hashish is making a wider array of edibles obtainable for patients and consumers. Brands ought to make the take a look at outcomes on the market to anybody shopping for their merchandise.
We have useful to start on a small dose and dealing your technique up till you get to a dosage that provides you the desired therapeutic impact. A 2011 analysis concluded that lengthy-term use of CBD oil wouldn’t result in rising tolerance to CBD. As the name suggests, the phenomenon known as reverse tolerance occurs when an individual desires a lot much less substance to feel its influence as time passes. Ok, you’re now in all probability now pondering, “Well how on earth do I figure it out this out? Instead, I need you to consider the reality that a small canine with most cancers goes to wish more than an enormous dog with nervousness.
The easiest route of getting compounds into the bloodstream is intravenously, by means of direct injection into the vein, which is invasive and usually thought-about to be unpleasant. It can be related to grasp bioavailability, i.e. how a lot of a compound finally will get absorbed into the bloodstream, which we’re going to focus on beneath. The amount of a compound that’s absorbed will determine the favored methodology of administration and the optimum dose of CBD to have the power to attain the required influence. spf 30 sunscreen This protected technology permits you to take up more cannabinoids with the assistance of naturally occurring phospholipids. These support mobile health and supply of cannabidiol and different cannabinoids immediately into the cell.
Not with out function, there is a robust notion that smoking cannabis for medical use is contradictory, as a result of well being dangers associated to smoking. Hence, smoke-free strategies of cannabis consumption, together with vaping, are rising in status amongst medical marijuana users. Edible hashish, however, is rapidly making up flooring as a go-to method for consuming medical marijuana. We strongly really feel that Blessed CBD is one of the best CBD oil in the UK due to its purity, fantastic manufacturing methods, and extreme focus of CBD. Our CBD oil is 100% pure, comes filled with a wide range of phytocannabinoids, accommodates no parts, flavours, preservatives and is non-GMO. We attempt to create the perfect top quality CBD merchandise accessible to anybody throughout the UK. Our industrial hemp (100% vegan-friendly) is grown on licensed farms, and we solely use crops with the highest cannabinoid content materials attainable.
This methodology could be very useful as it is further direct and can influence the physique faster than oral consumption would. According to studies, the bioavailability worth of sublingual consumption will be at round 12-35%, greater than that of oral consumption. There are quite a couple of strategies to take CBD, all depending on which sort of CBD product you are consuming. When CBD is inhaled, just like via a vape pen or vaporizer, it may be absorbed through your lungs nearly instantly. With each subsequent breath, you inhale more CBD, offering yourself with a gradual dose of CBD that may be absorbed shortly and effectively .
Though many individuals have expert constructive outcomes with CBD, individual reactions range and it can be powerful to go looking the right dosage. The outcome’s wherever from a % improve in effectiveness compared with typical oil-based mostly merchandise. By combining CBD-rich hemp extracts with MCT, your physique burns these fat and places them and the cannabinoids they maintain to use immediately most interesting cbd edibles uk.
Vaping is a popular methodology to take CBD and totally different hashish merchandise typically, like marijuana. When attempting to determine one of the simplest ways to take CBD and studying about CBD dosing, the word “bioavailability” is for certain to come up. The American Heritage Medical Dictionary defines bioavailability as, “the diploma to which a drug or different substance turns into on the market to the goal tissue after administration”. By attaching to hemp oil molecules and transporting them to their vacation Allueur cbd lotion 12oz spot, liposomes are a perfect answer for environment pleasant software of cannabinoids. If you listened to a couple of the corporations who promote it, they declare the bioavailability of nano emulsions is over ninety%. For perspective, for CBD to be a hundred% bioavailable it must be one hundred% pure and unadulterated, after which injected immediately into the bloodstream by way of the veins.
CBD is a pure constituent of hemp that has become for lots of the popular product of alternative because it does not set off any psychotropic effects. However, at Diamond CBD, we’ve discovered new and progressive ways to extract this novel cannabinoid to make it extra economical to supply to you, the patron.
Thus, contemplate numerous choices before you slender it all the way down to a minimum of one that fits you most interesting. Basically, take the amount of CBD and the bioavailability price of the tactic of supply of the product with the best bioavailability of the 2. Multiply these to values with the proportion expressed as a decimal (i.e., 56% equals 0.56).
There are other methods of CBD provide that are even more troublesome to dose, similar to topicals, soaks, and vapes. On the other hand, a dosage refers back to the frequency at which a specific dose is taken over a given period. Keep in thoughts that the gummies aren’t as quick acting as different types of CBD, such as tinctures or topicals.
CBD edibles and infused drinks are going to be the two product classes that would more than likely be contaminated with gluten. This consists of what you place into your physique in addition spf 55 sunscreen to what you placed on it; merchandise like lotions and shampoos will even typically embody gluten as an ingredient. Gluten is a kind of protein that’s current in rye, wheat, semolina, farro, and barley grains.
Just make certain to keep an correct record of your doses and remember to ‘begin low and go sluggish’. So, consequently, you could have to make small adjustments to your daily cannabis routine over time. This means the distribution and density of the receptors in our our bodies change over time; because of this fact could start to expertise completely totally different outcomes. It may be useful to begin with a low dose of CBD that’s still constant and slowly improve the amount of THC.
They current CBD or cannabidiol – the non-psychoactive cannabinoid from diversified Cannabis sativa strains grown for prime CBD ranges. In order to be authorized throughout the U.S. these merchandise should include less than zero.three% THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid in hashish. CBD products could possibly be consumed as capsules, tinctures, “gummy” chewables, lollipops, and quite a couple of edibles like brownies, candies, and granola bars. However, the fundamental CBD merchandise which can be used for making completely completely different merchandise include full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD and CBD isolates. Either of those three merchandise shall be used for making CBD edibles, drugs and different such CBD merchandise.
The one occasion when you have to be careful together with your CBD dosage is if you take totally different kinds of medicine. As such, you have to at all times discuss along with your doctor whether or not or not it’s okay to take the medication and CBD on the equivalent time.
If you want to experience a fragile impression over a time interval, then CBD edibles are right for you. As mentioned above, topical CBD is utilized onto the pores and skin, which is a pure barrier in the direction of exterior parts. Although the market offers a wide range of choices in CBD, letting us choose alternative routes of intake, the bioavailability of the methods has seen variations. Each CBD product has a singular path for coming into the bloodstream and as a result of this fact has a special bioavailability. They will monitor your well being and see if taking CBD could have any unwanted effects on you. This can happen, particularly if you’re pregnant or on some medicine, as CBD does work together with a few of them. There is just one agency that I am acutely aware of who has created a transdermal provide methodology with any sturdy science behind it and who was these days granted a patent for this invention.
In most conditions, producers use the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant to make CBD merchandise. With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, the US federal authorities legalised hemp and hemp-derived merchandise. The most essential contemplate deciding which product is largest for you is the rationale that you simply’re utilizing CBD oil merchandise all by the use of the primary place. CBD tinctures are an oil-like format of CBD that you simply take orally often sublingually. They are in a liquid dropper format and normally include the whole spectrum of cannabinoids together with terpenes and provider oils. Most importantly, the advantages of CBD don’t change whether or not or not it’s hashish-derived CBD or hemp-derived CBD. Common unfavorable outcomes, very like an upset abdomen, feeling drained, or feeling on edge, keep the identical.
While this is similar number of milligrams per bottle, it additionally means you end the bottle sooner. It’s important to note that, regardless of their deliciousness, there’s a draw back to the CBD gummy.
These receptors are part of the physique’sendocannabinoid system, or ECS, that governs options such asour functionality to course of ache, together with irritation, mood, and sleep. Hemp and CBD oil are nice sources of a number of vitamins and minerals, including zinc, magnesium, vitamin D, vitamin E, and iron. Plus, hemp accommodates a high quantity of protein, including the entire important amino acids, and is a great source of the essential fatty acids omega-three and omega-6. The most commonly used carrier oils are gluten free, together with coconut oil, sunflower oil, hemp seed oil, palm oil, avocado oil, grapeseed oil, and olive oil. Some oils could include gluten contamination or are merely not gluten free, similar to oat oil and hay absolute oil. If the production of the CBD oil is manufactured in a facility that doesn’t have any gluten contamination, then the CBD oil is most probably gluten free.
CBD and different cannabinoids enter the endocannabinoid system to work along with the cannabinoid receptors throughout the physique. The bioavailability of CBD oil largely depends upon the tactic of administration you utilize to manage it—in different phrases, the way you consume the CBD. The cause that liposomes are so efficient is that hemp oil, in its pure kind, is a sticky dense oil. For this cause, the bioavailability of topical CBD is low, because it has the underside absorption worth among the many many many alternative methods.
It is essential for the person to concentrate on how lots they need to administer for a noticeable effect. If you could have dabbled with CBD products, whether or not that’s edibles, oils, or lotions, you might need heard of or come throughout the time interval bioavailability. animal-based totally evaluation signifies that oral CBD consumption may end in an prolonged interval of outcomes when in comparison with different strategies of use. The bioavailability of CBD oil largely is decided by the technique of administration you utilize to manage it—in a number of phrases, the best way you eat the CBD. There are some methods to take CBD, from gummies and edibles to vapes and topical merchandise. Topicals symbolize a more moderen rising market in medical marijuana merchandise geared towards properly being and sweetness.
Which Is Better For You: CBD Oil or Edibles?
Unlike hemp-derived CBD merchandise, these created from marijuana ought to endure testing—a minimum of in states that let medical and leisure use of marijuana. If a product labelled ‘hemp seed oil’ accommodates cannabinoids, very similar to CBD, it isn’t hemp seed oil. I’ve wanted to strive CBD merchandise, nevertheless with plenty of corporations getting on the band wagon, they make grand claims and generally ship. We’re correct right proper here that can help you navigate by the use of the plethora of difficult and contradicting details about cannabis oils.
Allueur cbd lotion 12oz When it entails hashish, there isn’t anyone-measurement-matches-all method. This product pulls double duty as a ache relieving topical and a CBD skincare product. Ingredients embody CBD and hemp seed oil, that Best CBD Face Serums are rich in antioxidants and help ease irritation. Hemp seed oil can frequently be discovered at your native grocery retailer, magnificence retailer and on-line retailers like Amazon. They are typically marketed as hemp oil, nonetheless the weather should doc “hemp seed oil”. If a product labelled ‘hemp seed oil’ accommodates cannabinoids, comparable to CBD, it isn’t hemp seed oil.
When making an attempt to every day dose mct coconut oil, cbd oil discover extreme-top quality merchandise, there are a selection of assorted components to contemplate. The best firms will probably report their CBD provide on their website or of their literature, which may help you to search out out the quality of the product. Most gummies comprise between 5mg and 30mg of CBD, resulting in a mellow interaction that acquired’t set off excessive drowsiness. Most CBD merchandise are sourced from hemp fairly than hashish to have the ability to hold the THC content material materials supplies low. As with all elf skincare requirements, we’ve skipped the controversial parts, constructing a group that’s phthalate-free, paraben- free, and sulfate-free. Strain Insider collected the 25 finest CBD on-line retailers in Europe in 2020 that leave no demand sad. Our consumers normally go together with the cbd edibles for a calming weekend or an excellent night time sleep, or complimentary dosing in its place of day by day constantly.
In light of all this, a excessive CBD dose just isn’t going to at all times provide the strongest response or help in symptoms. The ECS works to take care of your body’s physiological steadiness, otherwise often known as homeostasis. Best CBD Lotions Going too excessive above within the hopes of attempting to get sooner relief/outcomes could suggest losing your precious CBD oil for little revenue. Many giant organizations, together with the World Health Organization, have reported that CBD is usually protected with low public-security or dependency dangers. Paradise is dedicated to security and transparency throughout the manufacturing process and makes use of solely the highest-quality hemp extract to create their candy and edibles.
Author Biograhy: Ekaterina Mironova is a co-founder of CBD Life Mag and an avid blogger on the Hemp, CBD and fashion subjects. Ekaterina is also on the panel of the CBD reviewers and she most enjoys CBD gummies. Ekaterina has developed a real interest in CBD products after she started taking CBD tincture oil to help her ease her anxiety that was part-and-parcel of her quick-paced city career. When Ekaterina realised just how effective CBD is, she has founded CBD Life Magazine along with some of her friends.
When she is not blogging, you are likely to see Ekaterina in front of her souped up Alienware laptop gaming or delving into the world of Cryptocurrency. Ekaterina also boasts a very large collection of Penny Black Posts stamps and silver hammered Medieval coins. Ekaterina’s other interest include swimming, painting, traveling, shopping, spending a good time with her friends and helping animals in need.
Ekaterina has featured in some of the leading publications such as Vanity Fair, Country Living, Vogue, Elle, New York Times and others.
CBD Life Mag